Wednesday, March 20, 2019
Tourism

Tourism      Wildlife      National Parks      Kerala     Wayanad    



Wayanad (Muthanga) Wildlife Sanctuary

 

Place

:

Wayanad District, Kerala

Nearest town

:

Mananthawadi

Best time to visit

:

December to May

Significance

:

It was from here Pazhassi Raja, the great freedom fighter, organized warfare against British East India Company.

Timings

:

6-9 am, 3-6 pm.

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Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary also known as the Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary is contiguous to the protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka and Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu. Rich in bio - diversity, the sanctuary is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, the first of the 14 biospheres in India. The sanctuary is spread over an area of 345 sq km.

Constituted in 1973, it is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in the state. It also comes under the Project Elephant jurisdiction in 1992 to protect wild elephant populations. One can find elephants roam freely here. 15kms away from Sultan Battery, Wayanad sanctuary is rich with fauna and flora and the convenience of getting food and water through out the year is the main attraction of the sanctuary.

These forests also have a historical importance as it was from here, Pazhassi Raja, the great freedom fighter, organized warfare against British East India Company, in 1805. The highest peak is Karottimala (1158m). Inside the sanctuary, there are 17 permanent anti poaching camps and two watch towers (one is in the tourist zone and the other one is located in the core area are out of bounds). Elephant rides and Jeep Safaris with an authorized guide, arranged by the Forest Department are available to explore the great wilds. For this, special permission from the Forest Department is needed. Day visit only and no night time travel is permitted; exceptions are by special permission. Inside the sanctuary, there is a popular waterfall known as Chethalayam Waterfalls. Popular among the trekkking enthusiasts, a 4 km trek across hills to this spot is really an enjoyable one.

Entrance Fee:  Indians Rs 20, Children Rs 10, Students Rs 10, Foreigners -Rs 100/- Guide fee : Rs 110/- Vehicle entry fee : Rs 50-150; Camera : Rs 25, Video Camera Rs 150.
Sanctuary Entry Time : 7 am to 10 am and 3 pm to 5 pm.

Flora
The Flora in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary experiences typical of the south Indian moist deciduous forests and West Coast semi evergreen forests and plantations of teak, eucalyptus and Grewelia. More than half of the sanctuary is boasted with teak and eucalyptus plantations. The common flora to be found here includes Macranga peltata, Tectona grandis, Terminalia sp, Pterocarpus marsupium, Anogeissus latifolia, Artocarpus hirsute, Largerstroemia lanceolata, Adina cordifolia Cirmamum zeylanicum, Dalbergia latifolia, Vateria indicaetc. Amidst such varied flora, Wayanad Sanctuary has many rare herbs and medicinal plants.

Fauna
The sanctuary comes under Protect Elephant and one can spot herd of elephants roaming in the area. In addition to elephants it houses 45 species of Mammals, 203 sp. of Birds, 45 species of Reptiles, 30 species of Amphibians and 59 species of Fishes are reported from the sanctuary. The common mammals found in the sanctuary are  Tiger, Leopard, Panther, Jungle cat, Civet Cat, Monkey, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Common langur, Wild Dog, Bison, Bear, Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Common Otter, Deer etc. Birds such as Peacock, Babbler, Cuckoo, Owl, Woodpecker, Jungle Fowl etc are also found in plenty in Wayanad Sanctuary. Crocodiles, Snakes like Garden Tree Snake, Coral Snake, Green Whip Snake, Pit vipers etc, Termite hall Gecko, Chameleon, Flying lizard, Monitor lizard, Turtles are some of the reptile inhabitants of this park. The sanctuary also harbours commonest amphibians like Ornate microhylid, Ceylon kaliula, bi-coloured frog, bronze frog and Malabar gliding frog etc.

     






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