Monday, April 22, 2024

Tourism      Wildlife      Bird Sanctuary      Assam     Kamrup    

Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary




Kamrup District, Assam

Nearest Town





A representative wetland found within the bio geographic province, 'Burma Monsoon Forest

Best season


November to March

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Situated amidst lush greenery sprinkled with sparkling water bodies, Deepor Beel (beel means large aquatic body in Assamese) is an extensive wetland formed by a channel of Brahmaputra River. The only major stormwater storage basin for the Guwahati city, it is located in Kamrup district, Assam.

One of the largest and most important beels in the Brahmaputra valley of lower Assam, it is a representative wetland found within the bio geographic province, 'Burma Monsoon Forest'. Deepor Beel has also been designated as a Ramsar site in November 2002. Previosly, this wetland was once 40 kilometres, but today its area has been limited to only 20 kilometres and the core area is 4.14 kilometres which notified as Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary with the Rani Forest of Tripura on one side.

Tectona grandis, Ficus bengalensis and Bombax malabaricum are the dominant tree species in the deciduous forest. Common Aquatic plants found in the park are Eichhornia crassipes, Pistia stratiotes, Ottelia alismoides, Lemna minor, Potamogeton crispus, Vallisneria spiralis, Hydrilla verticillata, Ipomoea reptans, Azolla pinnata, Spirodela polyrhiza, Eleocharis plantaginea, Nymphaea albea, N.rubra, Sagittaria sagittifolia and the Giant water lily Euryale ferox. The other fauna which found mainly in the lake shore vare Eupatorium adoratum, Achyranthes aspera, Cyperus esculoentus, Phragmites karka, Vitex trifolia, Accium basilium, Saccharum spontaneum and Imperata arundinacea.

The sanctuary is a great food source and a great breeding ground for a large variety of residential water birds as well as a number of migratory waterfowls, amphibians, reptiles, insects, micro and macrophytes, terrestrial weeds. The Department of Forests, Assam has listed 170 species of Birds - 2 critically endangered, 1 endangered, 5 vulnerable and 4 near threatened such Spot billed pelican, Lesser adjutant stork, Greater adjutant stork, Black necked stork and Large whistling teal.

The most notable bird species found in the sanctuary are Kingfishers, Fishing eagles, a plethora of ducks, Greater Adjutant Stork, Whistling Teal, Open Billed Stork, Shoveler, Pintail, Garganey and high concentration of Pheasant tail jacanas etc. Occasional visit of herd Elephant from the adjacent Rani–Garbhanga landscape.

Some of the largest congregations of aquatic birds in Assam can be seen here, particularly in winter.Besides its rich avi fauna, the sanctuary is ideal for an encounter with other wildlife including hoolock gibbons, the only ape species in Indian subcontinent.

There is a watch tower inside the sanctuary, constructed by the forest department. Also country boats are available to watch birds which charges between Rs 100 and 200 for couple of hours.