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The sanctuary lies at the southern end of the Sahyadri sub-cluster. Popularly known as "Bison Sanctuary", the sanctuary is home to the Indian Bison or gaur. Covering an area of 351.16 sq.km, it's terrain is undulating with steep escarpments. Four major rivers Bhogavati, Dudhganga, Tulshi, Kallamma and Dirba drain this area and flow into the Krishna river, a major river of the Deccan Peninsula. The Randhanagari Dam is a famous tourist spot here.
Most of the area is dense 'semi evergreen forest', southern moist mixed deciduous forest, southern evergreen forest with wide range of flora. The density of the forest crop in the sanctuary is between 0.4 to 0.9 and the forest at Kaladung and Patycha Dang are having crop density more than 0.9.
The main flora being Anjani, Jambul, Hirda, Awala, Pisa, Ain, Kinjal, Amba, Kumbha, Bhoma, Chandala, Katak, Nana, Umbar, Jambha, Gela, Bibba etc.. Karvi is more abundantly seen in all over the area. Climbers such as Shikekai, Garambi are quite frequent. Shrubs species and Medicinal plants such as Karvand, Vagati, Ranmiri, Tamalpati, Toran, Dhayati, Kadipatta, Narkya, Murudsheng, etc. with small quantity of Bamboo are also found A large numbers of ephemerals, bulbs of seasonal plants are also found in this sanctuary.
Bison, the tallest and the most splendid of living wild oxen is the star attractions of Radhanagari wildlife sanctuary. Few other animals have the combination of bucolic charm and great-muscled power of the gaur. The herbivores include Sambhar, Chausinga, Jackal, Hyaena, Leopard, Sloth bear, Barking deer, Spotted Deer, Common Langur, Wild boar, Porcupine Hare, Giant squirrel, Wild dogs can be seen in Radhanagari.
The forests here are home to reptiles like Cobra, Python,
Monitor Lizzard, Rat sanke etc. The wilderness of sanctuary offers an
ideal habitat for a number of avian fauna such as vultures eagles, Jungle
fowl, Quails, Plovers, Sand pipers, Owlets, Doves, Owls, Nightjars, Kingfishers,
Bee-eater, Hornbills, Woodpeckers, Bulbul, Flycatchers, Warblers, Wagtails,