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Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is spread over 73,024.98 hectares. It has a core area of 1089 sq km and buffer area of 627 sq km. The reserve is one of the finest examples of the exceedingly diverse and productive Terai eco-systems.
The reserve is also home to around 6 million people. The northern edge of the reserve lies along the Indo-Nepal border in the foothills of the Himalayas while the southern boundary is marked by the river Sharada and Khakra.
There is a large range of wildlife including over 127 animals, 556 bird species and 2,100 flowering plants. A large number of rare and endangered species which includes nearly 30 tigers, leopard, swamp deer, hispid hare, Bengal floricans, etc.
The Reserve came into exitence in sept of 2008, when Government of India approved the area in the Pilibhit district. And it gets tiger reserve forest status on Jun 14, 2014. Sseveral spots in the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve established for eco-tourism - The Chuka Interpretation Zones on the banks of Sharda,the Sharda Sagar dam forms the Sharda Sagar reservoir etc.
The vegetation that covers park are Upper Genetic Plains
moist deciduous forest, Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands and Himalayan
subtropical broad leaf forest. The various types of forests throughout
the reserve has thick sal forests, grasslands and wet marshes. The dominant
tree species are Sal, Khair, Sissoo, Ber, Kuthber, Bel, Dhak, Semal, Khingan,
Kharpat, Rohini, Bakli, Aonla, Harad, Baheda, Bakayan, Asna and faicus
species. The ecologically endangered Sal forests known for their rich
biodiversity, home to various species of birds and animals.
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is home to a huge variety of unusual and confronted varieties, such as Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, deer, hispid hare and Bengal tiger. Other attractions of this National Park include the, Elephant, Cheetal , Sambar , Hog Deer, Barking Deer , Wildboar Langoor And Rhesus Monkey. Among reptiles, Indian Marsh Crocodiles Or Mugger , Gharials , King Cobra, Common Krait , Cobra, Russel , Python, Monitor Lizard are common.
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is perhaps, houses the greatest number of Peacock, Jungle Fowl, Partridges, Crow, Vulture, Parakeets, Laughing Thrush, Orioles, King Fishers, Drongo, Doves, Woodpeckers, Ducks, Teals, Storks, Cormorants and Seagulls.
The reserve also supports a number of species of terrestrial, aquatic and arboreal animals. Major aquatic species Gangetic dolphins, Cat Fish , Rohu , Chilwa, Goonch, Mangur etc. Snake Head
Best time to visit Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is soon after
monsoon, between September and June. The reserve remains open to public
from November to June, though the months of May and June are a little
too hot for comfort.