The Neora Valley National Park, spread over an area of 88sq.km. in the
Darjeeling district of West Bengal was established in April 1986. The
park, a unique area of rich bio-diversity lies in the Himalayan foothills
and is bordered on the east by Western Bhutan and the forests of Sikkim.
Neora Valley, one of the least tracts of virgin wilderness
in the country sustains a unique eco-system where tropical, sub-tropical,
sub-temperate, and temperate vegetative system still harbours a wealth
of flora and fauna. The forests consists of mixed species like rhododendron,
bamboo, oak, ferns, sal etc. The Valley also has numerous species of orchids.
fauna consist of such endangered species as the clouded leopard, red-panda,
and musk deer. Other species are leopard, five species of civet, black
bear, sloth bear, golden gat, wild boar, leopard cat, goral, serow, barking
deer, sambar, Himalayan flying squirrel and thar. The park rich in bird
life houses the bearded vulture, Himalayan griffon, red legged falcon,
pigeons, doves, great pied hornbill and a large number of migratory birds
like whistling thrush etc. King cobra, common cobra krait, green pit viper,
blind snake and lizards are also found. Many colourful insects such as
butterflies, moths, beetles, bees, wasps, bugs cicadas are added attraction
of the valley.
The main entry point to the park is Lava (7016 ft), a
small village adjacent to the park. There is a nature interpretation centre
here. The other entry point is Samsing (3000 ft). There is no motorable
road inside the park. Visitors should take an entry permit from the park
authorities in Lava or Samsing.