Monday, July 15, 2024

Tourism      Wildlife      Tiger Reserve      Rajasthan     Sawai Madhopur    

Ranthambhore National Park & Tiger Reserve




Sawai Madhopur district, Rajasthan

Best season


November to April



Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger

Park timings


6.30-10 am, 1.30 - 5.30 pm

Write Comments | Read comments | Tour Packages

Ranthambhore National Park, situated some 175 km from Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan, is one of the best-known tiger reserves in the country. It is one of the few sanctuaries in India with a growing tiger population. It is a beautiful park with full of lakes, living temples, scrublands and ruined palaces. It is said that between 75% and 95% of all the photographs taken of a tiger in the wildlife have been taken in Ranthambhore. 

The park derived its name from the magnificent Ranthambhore fort which lies within the national park. The park was once the hunting area of the Jaipur Maharajas, and later the British. Spread over an expanse of 392.5 sq km, the park was established as the Sawai Madhopur Wildlife Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India. It became a part of the centre's Project Tiger in 1974.

The park was among the first nine Tiger Reserve at the launch of Project Tiger in India. In 1981, Ranthambhore was given its current status as a National Park. Later, the surrounding areas of Keladevi Sanctuary, the Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary, and the Kualji Close, lies further South-West of the park were merged to the National Park in 1992.  

Lies at the edge of a plateau, it is enclosed to the north by the Banas River and to the south by the Chambal River. Ranthambhore National Park has six man made lakes and many perennial streams.

As per a census conducted by the state government in 2007, the number of tigers in the park has increased to 32 from the earlier count of 26 in 2005, without taking 14 cubs into account.

The topography of the park is steep slopes and gently rolling plateau. The vegetation include Tropical Dry Deciduous forests dominated by dhok trees (Anogeissus pendula) interspersed with grasslands.

The park has nearly 300 tree species including Banyan (Ficus benghalensis), Pipal(Ficus bengalensis), the Neem (Azadirachta indiaca) tree, Mango (Magnifera indica), Kadam (Authocephalus cadamba), Jamun or Indian Blackberry (Syzygium cumini), Ber (Zizyphus mauritania), Tamarind (Tamarindicus indica), Khajur (Phoenix sylvestris) etc. The park also boasts a large variety of aquatic flora includes lotus and water lilies.  The hunting lodge in Ranthambore National Park, Jogi Mahal houses the second-largest Banyan tree in India.

The park is a home to over 40 species of mammals, 320 species of birds, over 35 species of reptiles. Panthera tigris - the Indian or the Bengal Tiger is the major species of Ranthambhore and now it is the only place in Rajasthan where tigers exist. Tigers can occasionally seen in the day time especially in November - April. 

Besides tiger, the other major wild attractions include a large population of cats such as Leopards, Caracal, Leopard cat, Desert Cats, Fishing cat and Jungle cat, predators like Sloth Bear, Striped Hyenas, Jackal, Indian Wild Boar, Desert fox, Common Palm Civets, common mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose etc. There are also a few Sambar deer, Chital, Nilgai, Common or Hanuman langurs, Macaques, Jackals, Sloth bears, Black bucks, Rufoustailed Hare, Chinkara, Yellow Bats, Five striped Palm Squirels, Indian False Vampires, Indian Flying Foxes, Indian Foxes, Indian Gerbilles, Indian Mole Rats, Indian Porcupines, Longeared Hedgehogs, Ratels etc. 

And over 400 resident and migratory species of birds have been identified in Ranthambhore National Park. The most famous among them are large Cormorant, Parakeets, Pipits, Painted Spurfowl, Cuckoos, Egrets, Herons, Sarus Crane, Asian Palm Swift, Finches, Flycatchers, Ioras, Bronzed winged Jacana, Sandpiper, Great Crested Grebe, Woodpeckers, Kingfisher, Nightjar, Graylag Goose, Shrikes, Painted Sandgrouse, Indian Gray Hornbills, Great horned owl. Besides these, some migratory water birds which come from north of Himalayas to Ranthambhore. 

The best areas to watch birds in Ranthabhore are Malik Talao, the Ranthambore Fort, Rajbagh Talao, Padam Talao and the Jhalra area. 

Among the reptiles, which can be seen here are the Snub Nosed Marsh Crocodiles, Desert Monitor Lizards, Tortoise, Banded Kraits, Cobras, Common Kraits, Ganga Soft Shelled Turtles, Indian Pythons, North Indian Flap Shelled Turtles, Rat Snakes, Russel's Vipers, Saw-scaled Vipers and the Indian Chameleon.

The amphibian species only consist of the Common India Toad and the Common Frog.

Safaris in Ranthambhore

The Tourism Department of Rajasthan organizes facilities for wild safari inside the park which enables the visitor to have a look at the flora and fauna. The park is divided into five mutually exclusive tourism zones and one zone is for, to park tourist's vehicles before entering the park. Tigers can be seen in all the zone and Zone 3 is best for wildlife photography. 

Safaris last about three and half hours and is available in the mornings as well as evenings. Usually morning safari starts half an hour after sunrise and the evening safari finishes half an hour before sunset. There are two kinds of vehicles the 6 seater drive jeeps called Gypsy and the 20 seater Safari bus called Canters are available in Ranthambhore. One can also book these safaris at the Rajasthan Tourism website.

Fees and Timings: 

Park timings : 6.30-10 am, 1.30 - 5.30 pm .

The best time to visit the park is November to April and January to April is best for tiger sightings. The park closes during July to September. 

Entry Fee : Indians: Rs 25/-, Foreigners: Rs 200/- , Guide fee : Rs 150/-.

Vehicle fee Gypsy/ Canter Rs 225 per person Safari fee Rs 1,350.

Still Cameras : Free, Video : Rs 200/-.

Safari Timings in Winter Morning Safari: 07:30 hrs, Evening Safari: 15:00 hrs, Safari Timings in Summer Morning Safari: 06:30 hrs, Evening Safari: 16:00 hrs.