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Previously, there were three sanctuaries situated in the Shivalik ranges - Rajaji sanctuary (estd.1948) Motichur sanctuary (estd.1964) and Chilla sanctuary (estd.1977). In 1983 these sanctuaries consoldiated into a large protected area as 'Rajaji National Park'. The Park is named after the renowned statesman and nationalist leader Sri C. Rajgopalachari (The first and last Governor General of independent India popularly known as 'Rajaji'). Eventhough, Motichur and Rajaji are close to each other, they are separated from Chilla range to the south-east by the Ganges river, Chilla River and agricultural land.About 84% of the national park is forested and the Five vegetation types of forest found in the park are moist Shivalik Sal (Shorea robusta), dry Shivalik Sal, northern dry mixed deciduous and Khair (Acacia catechu), Sissu (Dalbergia sissoo) forest. The park boasts scrub land and grassy pasture lands. The terrain of this park is very rugged and cut up by ravines which are dry in winter. There are chirpines in the upper ridges and sal on the lower hills with Khair and Sissoo in the river beads.
The park has a wide variety of fauna with over 23 mammal and 300 bird species. The park has a large number of elephants which together with the rarely seen tiger. Wild boar, leopards, spotted deer, sambar, Nilgai and Ghoral, Langur, Macaque, the Himalayan Yellow throated martern, Civet, Dhole, Kakar, Muntjac, Striped Hyena, Python, Monitor Lizard, Gharial and a few type of deer are commonly seen fauna in the park.
The park also boasts of a large variety of avifauna includes peacocks, Jungle Fowls and Kaleej Pheasants, Cuckoos, Black-chinned Babbler, Hornbills, Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler, Woodperckers, , Golden-spectacled Warbler, Oriole, Chestnut-tailed Starling,Bee-eaters, Brown Hawk-Owl, Black-crested Bulbul, Pale-billed Flowerpecker, Orange-bellied Leafbird, Golden-fronted Leafbird, Black-throated Sunbird, Pea fowl, Thrush, Green Magpie, Crimson Sunbird, Minivets and Nuthatches and water birds like Geese, Ducks, Cormorant, Spponbill, teal etc. Parakeets dominated the canopy of the park.
The National Park open between 15th November and 15th June every year.
Facilities inside the sanctuary